A Simple Overview of Guidance for Implementation of Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy

I’ve been having an interesting conversation with @US_Wildfire via Twitter DMs about suppression vs. containment of wildfires They kindly provided me this document (reproduced in full, below) from NIFC (National Interagency Fire Center) as a reference in our discussion, so I thought I’d share:

March 2009

Response to wildland fire will be coordinated across levels of government regardless  of the jurisdiction at the ignition source. 

Wildland fire is a general term. It describes a non-structure fire that occurs in the  wildland. There are two distinct categories:

• Wildfires – unplanned ignitions or prescribed fires that are declared wildfires
• Prescribed fires – planned ignitions

A wildland fire may be concurrently managed for one or more objectives. Objectives  can change as the fire spreads.

• Objectives are affected by changes in fuels, weather, and topography; public  understanding and tolerance; and involvement of governmental jurisdictions that  may have different missions and objectives.

Management response to a wildland fire on federal land is based on objectives  established in the applicable land, resource and/or fire plan.

Managers will use a decision support process to guide and document wildfire management decisions.

• The process will provide situational assessment, analyze hazards and risk,  define implementation actions, and document decisions and rationale for those decisions.

Source: NIFC External Affairs

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